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Newborns

Health Library

  • Preparing for Your Baby

  • Care in the Hospital

  • Your Amazing Newborn

    • Anatomy: Fetus in Utero

      Definitions of terms related to the anatomy of a fetus in utero.

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    • Infant Play

      Read on for helpful suggestions for activities and toys for your baby, according to their age.

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    • Newborn Appearance

      Newborns have many variations in normal appearance, from their skin color to the shape of their head. Here's a look at some of the normal variations you can expect.

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    • Newborn Crying

      Crying is the way babies communicate. They cry because of hunger, discomfort, frustration, tiredness, and even loneliness.

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    • Newborn Reflexes

      Ever wonder why your baby flings his arms out sideways when startled? This reaction-- called the Moro reflex--is one of many natural reflexes your newborn should exhibit. Read on to learn about common newborn reflexes and what they mean.

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    • Newborn Senses

      Babies are born with all 5 senses--sight, hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Some of the senses are not fully developed.

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    • Newborn Sleep Patterns

      New parents are often unsure how long and how often a newborn should sleep. Read on to learn about general newborn sleep patterns, the quiet alert phases, and how to help your baby fall asleep.

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    • The Growing Child: Newborn

      A helpful look at what to expect with your newborn—from your baby's growth and reflexes to crying and emotional development.

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  • Feeding Your Baby

  • Care at Home

    • Babies Need "Tummy Time"

      Putting babies to sleep on their backs has dramatically reduced the incidence of SIDS. One unexpected side effect: Many infants now have a flattened head.

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    • Bathing and Skin Care for the Newborn

      Bath time is a great time to bond with your newborn while keeping his or her skin healthy and cuddly soft. Get the fact - îand proper supplies - to make these moments safe and enjoyable for both you and baby.

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    • Circumcision for Children

      Circumcision is a surgery to remove the skin covering the end of the penis. This is called the foreskin. This surgery is most often done 1 or 2 days after a baby's birth. Read on to learn more about this procedure.

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    • Cradle Cap

      Cradle cap (infant seborrheic dermatitis) is scaly patches on a baby's scalp. Cradle cap isn’t serious, but it can cause thick crusting and white or yellow scales. Some babies can also have seborrheic dermatitis in the diaper area, and on the face, neck, and trunk. Cradle cap usually clears up within the first year.

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    • Diapers and Diaper Rash

      A core part of every baby's care is diapering. Read on for helpful information on changing diapers, preventing and treating diaper rash, and the pros and cons of cloth and disposable diapers.

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    • Newborn Multiples

      Because many multiples are small and born early, they may be initially cared for in a special care nursery called the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

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    • Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome

      While being a new mom brings lots of joy, it also brings stress--something a crying baby can make worse. Having a better understanding of why your baby cries can help you deal with this stress in a healthy way and help you avoid the most common form of child abuse: Shaken baby syndrome.

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    • Taking a Baby's Temperature

      Most healthcare providers advise taking a baby's temperature rectally, by placing a thermometer in the baby's anus. This method is accurate and gives a quick reading of the baby's internal temperature.

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    • Umbilical Cord Care

      In a few weeks, your baby will have the cutest little belly button. But right now the healing remains of his umbilical cord need special care. Here's how to make sure the cord remainder stays infection-free.

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  • Keeping Your Baby Safe

    • Airway Obstruction Index

      Infants and children under age 4 are particularly at risk for choking on food or small objects because their upper airways are smaller, and they tend to explore things with their mouths.

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    • Childhood Immunizations

      Your little one will need several immunization shots to help protect them from several childhood diseases, some of which can be deadly. Read on for helpful advice on which shots they need and when--and what to do if they have a minor reaction.

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    • Installing and Using Child Safety Seats and Booster Seats

      As part of your preparation for your new baby, you probably got an infant safety seat for the car. But do you know how to make sure it’s installed properly? And when do you switch to a child safety seat? Learn the ins and outs of safe car travel for your little one.

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    • Prevent Shaken Baby Syndrome

      While being a new mom brings lots of joy, it also brings stress--something a crying baby can make worse. Having a better understanding of why your baby cries can help you deal with this stress in a healthy way and help you avoid the most common form of child abuse: Shaken baby syndrome.

      Read Full Article
    • Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS)

      Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the sudden and unexplained death of a baby younger than 1 year old. SIDS is sometimes called crib death because the death may happen when a baby is sleeping in a crib. It’s one of the leading causes of death in babies from ages 1 month to 1 year. Read on to learn more.

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    • Tote Your Baby in a Sling—Safely

      Slings are a popular, natural way to carry your baby, but recent government warnings showed these slings can also be dangerous. Learn how to carry your baby safely.

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  • When to Call the Doctor

    • Behavior Changes

      Your baby's activity level, appetite, and cries normally vary from day to day, and even hour to hour. But a distinct change in any of these areas may signal illness.

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    • Breathing Problems

      If you listen closely, you'll notice that your baby's breathing isn't like yours. Babies breathe much more frequently and with different patterns than adults. Here's how to recognize normal breathing in your infant - and how to spot signs of respiratory distress.

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    • Colic

      Colic is when a healthy baby cries for a very long time for no obvious reason. It is a common problem that affects some babies during the first 6 weeks of life.

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    • Fever in a Newborn Baby

      The system that controls body temperature is not well developed in a newborn. Here's what you need to know about fever and your baby.

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    • Gastrointestinal Problems

      If your baby seems fussy and you've fed and changed him, he may have an upset stomach or colic. But don't worry, there are lots of things you can do to make your little one more comfortable and keep both of you calm.

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    • Hyperbilirubinemia in the Newborn

      Hyperbilirubinemia happens when there is too much bilirubin in your baby’s blood. Bilirubin is made by the breakdown of red blood cells. It’s hard for babies to get rid of bilirubin. It can build up in their blood, tissues, and fluids.

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    • Natal Teeth

      Natal teeth are teeth that are present when a baby is born. The teeth are often not fully developed and may have a weak root.

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    • Skin Color Changes

      The color of a baby's skin can often help identify possible problems in another area of the body. Here are some skin color changes to be aware of.

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  • Tests and Procedures